Osteoporosis is a disease that occurs when bones lose their density and quality, making them brittle and thin and at a higher risk of fracturing. Bone loss is a natural part of aging and commonly occurs in women who have experienced menopause.

Routine bone density tests can screen for osteoporosis. A bone density test is a type of X-ray that measures the density of minerals (such as calcium) in your bones. This information helps your doctor determine the strength of your bones.

If you are diagnosed with osteoporosis, treatment options vary depending on your age and the severity of the condition. In mild cases, modifying risk factors for falling may be recommended. Prescription medications can be administered or hormone-related therapy can be considered. Talk to your doctor about what options work best for you.